Deutsch LTF (DHV)
Mac Para Elan 2 28
Type designationMac Para Elan 2 28
Type test reference noDHV GS-01-2288-17
Holder of certificationMAC Para Technology
ManufacturerMAC Para Technology
ClassificationC
Winch towingYes
Number of seats min / max1 / 1
AcceleratorYes
TrimmersNo
Mac Para Elan 2 28
 Behaviour at min weight in flight (92kg)Behaviour at max weight in flight (112kg)
Test pilots
Harald Buntz
Harald Buntz
Sebastian Mackrodt
Sebastian Mackrodt
Inflation/take-offAB
Rising behaviourSmooth, easy and constant risingen : einfaches Aufziehen, etwas Korrektur des Piloten erforderlich
Special take off technique requiredNoNo
 
LandingAA
Special landing technique requiredNoNo
 
Speeds in straight flightAA
Trim speed more than 30 km/hYesYes
Speed range using the controls larger than 10 km/hYesYes
Minimum speedLess than 25 km/hLess than 25 km/h
 
Control movementCA
Symmetric control pressureIncreasingIncreasing
Symmetric control travel45 cm to 60 cmGreater than 65 cm
 
Pitch stability exiting accelerated flightAA
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward less than 30┬░Dive forward less than 30┬░
Collapse occursNoNo
 
Pitch stability operating controls during accelerated flightAA
Collapse occursNoNo
 
Roll stability and dampingAA
OscillationsReducingReducing
 
Stability in gentle spiralsAA
Tendency to return to straight flightSpontaneous exitSpontaneous exit
 
en : Verhalten beim Verlassen einer vollst├Ąndigen SteilspiraleAA
en : Erstes Ansprechen des Gleitschirms (die ersten 180┬░)en : unmittelbare Verringerung der Drehgeschwindigkeiten : unmittelbare Verringerung der Drehgeschwindigkeit
Tendency to return to straight flighten : selbstst├Ąndiges Ausleiten (G-Kraft abnehmend, Drehgeschwindigkeit abnehmend)en : selbstst├Ąndiges Ausleiten (G-Kraft abnehmend, Drehgeschwindigkeit abnehmend)
Turn angle to recover normal flightLess than 720┬░, spontaneous recoveryLess than 720┬░, spontaneous recovery
 
Symmetric front collapse BB
EntryRocking back less than 45┬░Rocking back less than 45┬░
RecoverySpontaneous in less than 3 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░Dive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░
Change of courseEntering a turn of less than 90┬░Entering a turn of less than 90┬░
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Symmetrischer Frontklapper mindestens 50% Fl├╝geltiefeBB
EntryRocking back less than 45┬░Rocking back less than 45┬░
RecoverySpontaneous in 3 s to 5 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░Dive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░
Change of courseEntering a turn of less than 90┬░Entering a turn of less than 90┬░
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Symmetrischer Frontklapper im beschleunigten FlugCB
EntryRocking back less than 45┬░Rocking back less than 45┬░
RecoverySpontaneous in 3 s to 5 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░Dive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░
Change of courseEntering a turn of 90┬░ to 180┬░Entering a turn of less than 90┬░
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
Exiting deep stall (parachutal stall)AB
Deep stall achievedYesYes
RecoverySpontaneous in less than 3 sSpontaneous in less than 3 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 0┬░ to 30┬░Dive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░
Change of courseChanging course less than 45┬░Changing course less than 45┬░
Cascade occursNoNo
 
High angle of attack recoveryAA
RecoverySpontaneous in less than 3 sSpontaneous in less than 3 s
Cascade occursNoNo
 
Recovery from a developed full stallBB
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░Dive forward 30┬░ to 60┬░
CollapseNo collapseNo collapse
Cascade occurs (other than collapses)NoNo
Rocking backLess than 45┬░Less than 45┬░
Line tensionMost lines tightMost lines tight
 
en : Kleiner einseitiger KlapperAA
Change of course until re-inflationLess than 90┬░Less than 90┬░
Maximum dive forward or roll angleDive or roll angle 15┬░ to 45┬░Dive or roll angle 15┬░ to 45┬░
Re-inflation behaviourSpontaneous re-inflationSpontaneous re-inflation
Total change of courseLess than 360┬░Less than 360┬░
Collapse on the opposite side occursen : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstst├Ąndiger Wieder├Âffnung)en : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstst├Ąndiger Wieder├Âffnung)
Twist occursNoNo
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Gro├čer einseitiger KlapperCB
Change of course until re-inflation180┬░ to 360┬░90┬░ to 180┬░
Maximum dive forward or roll angleDive or roll angle 15┬░ to 45┬░Dive or roll angle 15┬░ to 45┬░
Re-inflation behaviourSpontaneous re-inflationSpontaneous re-inflation
Total change of courseLess than 360┬░Less than 360┬░
Collapse on the opposite side occursen : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstst├Ąndiger Wieder├Âffnung)en : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstst├Ąndiger Wieder├Âffnung)
Twist occursNoNo
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Kleiner einseitiger Klapper im beschleunigten FlugBC
Change of course until re-inflation90┬░ to 180┬░90┬░ to 180┬░
Maximum dive forward or roll angleDive or roll angle 15┬░ to 45┬░Dive or roll angle 45┬░ to 60┬░
Re-inflation behaviourSpontaneous re-inflationSpontaneous re-inflation
Total change of courseLess than 360┬░Less than 360┬░
Collapse on the opposite side occursen : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstst├Ąndiger Wieder├Âffnung)en : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstst├Ąndiger Wieder├Âffnung)
Twist occursNoNo
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Gro├čer einseitiger Klapper im beschleunigten FlugCC
Change of course until re-inflation180┬░ to 360┬░90┬░ to 180┬░
Maximum dive forward or roll angleDive or roll angle 45┬░ to 60┬░Dive or roll angle 45┬░ to 60┬░
Re-inflation behaviourSpontaneous re-inflationSpontaneous re-inflation
Total change of courseLess than 360┬░Less than 360┬░
Collapse on the opposite side occursen : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstst├Ąndiger Wieder├Âffnung)en : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstst├Ąndiger Wieder├Âffnung)
Twist occursNoNo
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
Directional control with a maintained asymmetric collapseAA
Able to keep courseYesYes
180┬░ turn away from the collapsed side possible in 10 sYesYes
Amount of control range between turn and stall or spinMore than 50 % of the symmetric control travelMore than 50 % of the symmetric control travel
 
Trim speed spin tendencyAA
Spin occursNoNo
 
Low speed spin tendencyAA
Spin occursNoNo
 
Recovery from a developed spinAA
Spin rotation angle after releaseStops spinning in less than 90┬░Stops spinning in less than 90┬░
Cascade occursNoNo
 
B-line stallCA
Change of course before releaseChanging course less than 45┬░Changing course less than 45┬░
Behaviour before releaseRemains stable without straight spanRemains stable with straight span
RecoverySpontaneous in less than 3 sSpontaneous in less than 3 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 0┬░ to 30┬░Dive forward 0┬░ to 30┬░
Cascade occursNoNo
 
Big earsBB
Entry procedureDedicated controlsDedicated controls
Behaviour during big earsStable flightStable flight
RecoveryRecovery through pilot action in less than a further 3 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 0┬░ to 30┬░Dive forward 0┬░ to 30┬░
 
Big ears in accelerated flightBA
Entry procedureDedicated controlsDedicated controls
Behaviour during big earsStable flightStable flight
RecoveryRecovery through pilot action in less than a further 3 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 0┬░ to 30┬░Dive forward 0┬░ to 30┬░
Behaviour immediately after releasing the accelerator while maintaining big earsStable flightStable flight
 
Alternative means of directional controlAA
180┬░ turn achievable in 20 sYesYes
Stall or spin occursNoNo
 
Any other flight procedure and/or configuration described in the user's manual
No other flight procedure or configuration described in the user's manual
 
 
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