Deutsch LTF (DHV)
Mac Para Elan 2 33
Type designationMac Para Elan 2 33
Type test reference noDHV GS-01-2314-17
Holder of certificationMAC Para Technology
ManufacturerMAC Para Technology
ClassificationC
Winch towingYes
Number of seats min / max1 / 1
AcceleratorYes
TrimmersNo
Mac Para Elan 2 33
 Behaviour at min weight in flight (115kg)Behaviour at max weight in flight (145kg)
Test pilots
Harald Buntz
Harald Buntz
Sebastian Mackrodt
Sebastian Mackrodt
Inflation/take-offBB
Rising behaviouren : einfaches Aufziehen, etwas Korrektur des Piloten erforderlichen : einfaches Aufziehen, etwas Korrektur des Piloten erforderlich
Special take off technique requiredNoNo
 
LandingAA
Special landing technique requiredNoNo
 
Speeds in straight flightAA
Trim speed more than 30 km/hYesYes
Speed range using the controls larger than 10 km/hYesYes
Minimum speedLess than 25 km/hLess than 25 km/h
 
Control movementCA
Symmetric control pressureIncreasingIncreasing
Symmetric control travel50 cm to 65 cmGreater than 65 cm
 
Pitch stability exiting accelerated flightAA
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward less than 30°Dive forward less than 30°
Collapse occursNoNo
 
Pitch stability operating controls during accelerated flightAA
Collapse occursNoNo
 
Roll stability and dampingAA
OscillationsReducingReducing
 
Stability in gentle spiralsAA
Tendency to return to straight flightSpontaneous exitSpontaneous exit
 
en : Verhalten beim Verlassen einer vollständigen SteilspiraleAC
en : Erstes Ansprechen des Gleitschirms (die ersten 180°)en : unmittelbare Verringerung der Drehgeschwindigkeiten : keine unmittelbare Reaktion
Tendency to return to straight flighten : selbstständiges Ausleiten (G-Kraft abnehmend, Drehgeschwindigkeit abnehmend)en : selbstständiges Ausleiten (G-Kraft abnehmend, Drehgeschwindigkeit abnehmend)
Turn angle to recover normal flightLess than 720°, spontaneous recoveryen : 1080° bis 1440°, selbstständige Rückkehr in den Normalflug
 
Symmetric front collapse BB
EntryRocking back less than 45°Rocking back less than 45°
RecoverySpontaneous in less than 3 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 30° to 60°Dive forward 30° to 60°
Change of courseEntering a turn of less than 90°Keeping course
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Symmetrischer Frontklapper mindestens 50% FlügeltiefeBB
EntryRocking back less than 45°Rocking back less than 45°
RecoverySpontaneous in 3 s to 5 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 30° to 60°Dive forward 30° to 60°
Change of courseEntering a turn of less than 90°Keeping course
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Symmetrischer Frontklapper im beschleunigten FlugCC
EntryRocking back less than 45°Rocking back less than 45°
RecoverySpontaneous in 3 s to 5 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 30° to 60°Dive forward 30° to 60°
Change of courseEntering a turn of 90° to 180°Entering a turn of 90° to 180°
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
Exiting deep stall (parachutal stall)AB
Deep stall achievedYesYes
RecoverySpontaneous in less than 3 sSpontaneous in less than 3 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 0° to 30°Dive forward 30° to 60°
Change of courseChanging course less than 45°Changing course less than 45°
Cascade occursNoNo
 
High angle of attack recoveryAA
RecoverySpontaneous in less than 3 sSpontaneous in less than 3 s
Cascade occursNoNo
 
Recovery from a developed full stallBB
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 30° to 60°Dive forward 30° to 60°
CollapseNo collapseNo collapse
Cascade occurs (other than collapses)NoNo
Rocking backLess than 45°Less than 45°
Line tensionMost lines tightMost lines tight
 
en : Kleiner einseitiger KlapperAB
Change of course until re-inflationLess than 90°90° to 180°
Maximum dive forward or roll angleDive or roll angle 15° to 45°Dive or roll angle 15° to 45°
Re-inflation behaviourSpontaneous re-inflationSpontaneous re-inflation
Total change of courseLess than 360°Less than 360°
Collapse on the opposite side occursen : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstständiger Wiederöffnung)en : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstständiger Wiederöffnung)
Twist occursNoNo
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Großer einseitiger KlapperCC
Change of course until re-inflation180° to 360°90° to 180°
Maximum dive forward or roll angleDive or roll angle 15° to 45°Dive or roll angle 45° to 60°
Re-inflation behaviourSpontaneous re-inflationSpontaneous re-inflation
Total change of courseLess than 360°Less than 360°
Collapse on the opposite side occursen : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstständiger Wiederöffnung)en : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstständiger Wiederöffnung)
Twist occursNoNo
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Kleiner einseitiger Klapper im beschleunigten FlugBC
Change of course until re-inflation90° to 180°90° to 180°
Maximum dive forward or roll angleDive or roll angle 15° to 45°Dive or roll angle 45° to 60°
Re-inflation behaviourSpontaneous re-inflationSpontaneous re-inflation
Total change of courseLess than 360°Less than 360°
Collapse on the opposite side occursen : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstständiger Wiederöffnung)en : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstständiger Wiederöffnung)
Twist occursNoNo
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
en : Großer einseitiger Klapper im beschleunigten FlugCC
Change of course until re-inflation180° to 360°90° to 180°
Maximum dive forward or roll angleDive or roll angle 45° to 60°Dive or roll angle 45° to 60°
Re-inflation behaviourSpontaneous re-inflationSpontaneous re-inflation
Total change of courseLess than 360°Less than 360°
Collapse on the opposite side occursen : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstständiger Wiederöffnung)en : Nein (oder nur eine kleine Anzahl von eingeklappten Zellen mit selbstständiger Wiederöffnung)
Twist occursNoNo
Cascade occursNoNo
en : Faltleinen wurden benutztnono
 
Directional control with a maintained asymmetric collapseAA
Able to keep courseYesYes
180° turn away from the collapsed side possible in 10 sYesYes
Amount of control range between turn and stall or spinMore than 50 % of the symmetric control travelMore than 50 % of the symmetric control travel
 
Trim speed spin tendencyAA
Spin occursNoNo
 
Low speed spin tendencyAA
Spin occursNoNo
 
Recovery from a developed spinAA
Spin rotation angle after releaseStops spinning in less than 90°Stops spinning in less than 90°
Cascade occursNoNo
 
B-line stallCC
Change of course before releaseChanging course less than 45°Changing course less than 45°
Behaviour before releaseRemains stable without straight spanRemains stable without straight span
RecoverySpontaneous in less than 3 sSpontaneous in less than 3 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 0° to 30°Dive forward 0° to 30°
Cascade occursNoNo
 
Big earsBB
Entry procedureDedicated controlsDedicated controls
Behaviour during big earsStable flightStable flight
RecoveryRecovery through pilot action in less than a further 3 sSpontaneous in 3 s to 5 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 0° to 30°Dive forward 0° to 30°
 
Big ears in accelerated flightBB
Entry procedureDedicated controlsDedicated controls
Behaviour during big earsStable flightStable flight
RecoveryRecovery through pilot action in less than a further 3 sRecovery through pilot action in less than a further 3 s
Dive forward angle on exitDive forward 0° to 30°Dive forward 0° to 30°
Behaviour immediately after releasing the accelerator while maintaining big earsStable flightStable flight
 
Alternative means of directional controlAA
180° turn achievable in 20 sYesYes
Stall or spin occursNoNo
 
Any other flight procedure and/or configuration described in the user's manual
No other flight procedure or configuration described in the user's manual
 
 
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